The mushrooming urbanization, faster industrialization, expansion of agriculture have destroyed the Indian jungle – the dwellings of these harmless creatures. Extensive forest cutting has disturbed the nature and its ecosystem also, that is bursting out in the form of global warming and brutal climate change. Above all continuous poaching and illegal huntings are one of the serious causes for these extinct species of India.
Very late, but sooner than never, the Government of India has opened its eyes. Indian Government and many other Government bodies have installed many natural parks and wildlife conservation sanctuaries throughout the country. Some of renowned wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in India map are Manas wildlife sanctuary, Sariska wildlife sanctuary, Jaldapara wildlife sanctuary, Dudhwa national park, Bannerghatta national park etc. These parks and sanctuaries provide shelter to these innocent creatures, where they live in a complete natural environment.
With the continuous efforts of the Government now there are around 571 wildlife sanctuaries and reserve parks in the country. These conservation colonies occupy a total land of 3.29 million sq km. Indian Government has also taken certain fruitful steps towards endangered species. Several projects and programs have definitely brought an improvement in the population of these wildlife habitants. Some of the ambitious projects amongst are:
Project Tiger: Project Tiger is one of the most successful attempt of Indian Government, which was meant with the aim to increase the population of royal Indian Bengal tigers and white Bengal tigers. Project Tiger is governed by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. More than 45 Project Tiger reserves have been opened across the country, spread over an area of 37,761 sq km.
Some of Tiger Reserves In India: Buxa Tiger Reserve, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Sariska Tiger Reserve, Annamalai Tiger Reserve, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
Project Elephant: Project Elephant was started in 1992 by the 'Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests'. The project is being executed in the 13 states of the country. The main objectives of this project are to protect Asian elephants, their habitats and the welfare of domesticated elephants.
Crocodile Conservation: It is one of accomplished project of Indian Government, which was carried out between 1975 to 1982 for the conservation of three species of crocodiles.
Also many NGO's have come forward to support this most important cause of wildlife conservation.
So being a true human beings we all must have to try our level best for the conservation of wild life.